Duty of confidentiality

All parties in a LOWI procedure have a duty of confidentiality.

This duty of confidentiality is described in article 4 of the LOWI Regulations 2018.

If the duty of confidentiality is violated, the LOWI will be entitled to draw its own conclusions and may take measures, including halting the LOWI procedure.

Once the Board has issued its final Ruling, Parties must (continue to) show restraint so as not to damage the reputation of the original Defendant. This is all the more important in cases where the complaint about the alleged violation of research integrity is unfounded.